GPIO Masked I/O

A port’s MASK register defines which of its pins should be accessible in its MPORT register. Zeroes in MASK enable the corresponding pins to be read from and written to MPORT. Ones in MASK force a pin to read as 0 and its output bit to be unaffected by writes to MPORT. When a port’s MASK register contains all zeros, its PORT and MPORT registers operate identically for reading and writing.

Applications in which interrupts can result in Masked GPIO operation, or in task switching among tasks that do Masked GPIO operation, must treat code that uses the Mask register as a protected/restricted region. This can be done by interrupt disabling or by using a semaphore.

The simpler way to protect a block of code that uses a MASK register is to disable interrupts before setting the MASK register, and re-enable them after the last operation that uses the MPORT or MASK register.

More efficiently, software can dedicate a semaphore to the MASK registers, and set/capture the semaphore controlling exclusive use of the MASK registers before setting the MASK registers, and release the semaphore after the last operation that uses the MPORT or MASK registers.